Climate Change Response Index: India’s State Level Climate Change Preparedness

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India came up with her National Climate Change Action Plan in July 2008 with 8 missions to deal with climate change. While the detailed action plans for each mission are yet to be formulated, much of these missions’ transformation into reality is contingent upon the response at the state level. In fact the momentum has already started with Himachal Pradesh declaring in September 2008 to go carbon neutral and many states proactive in promoting renewable energy and clean development mechanisms. On the one hand, we need to examine why some states are able to respond to climate change in better way compared to others. A number of factors such as environmental activism, exposure to vulnerability of climate change etc may explain this differential preparedness for climate change. At the same time, it is important to have a parameter against which state response could be measured.

At this backdrop, we propose to construct the Climate Change Response Index (CCRI) to illustrate the state-level preparedness for climate change challenges. CCRI will be a composite index of two major sub-indices: Adaptation Response Index and Mitigation Response Index with measurement along Awareness, Policies, and Actions in the context of adaptation and mitigation. Adaptation is more of ‘responding to the changes in a sustained manner’, thus the importance developing alternative options, collective action, enhancing social security and public accountability will be of prime concern. Mitigation calls for related adjustments in development trajectory and change in lifestyle; hence the key issues are awareness and personal commitment, facilitating government action and proactive market mechanisms. Unlike the many socio-economic development indices that focus on the outcomes, CCRI will lay much more emphasis on the process (partly due to the uncertainties of impacts and changes and partly to track future directions; this is also since local action suitable may not be possible in another agro-climatic region).


Keywords: Climate Change Response, Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability, Adaptation, Mitigation, Policies and Actions
Stream: Technical, Political and Social Responses
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.


Rupanwita Dash

Centre for Development Finance, Institute for Financial Management and Research
Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Rupanwita is a researcher in the Environmentally Sustainable Finance division of Centre fro Development Finance in Chennai. She has developed the Environmental sustainability Index for all the states of India and also has worked on developing sustainability guidelines/lending practices in Indian Financial sector. She has also worked on energy security and decentralized energy distribution. Her current research focus is on environment policy, Climate change - impacts, vulnerabilities and responses.

Sony Pellissery

Professor, Institute of Rural Management
Anand, Gujarat, India

Prof. Sony is a DPhil in Public Policy from Oxford University, currently in teaching assignment at the Institute of Rural management Anand and is the India-Coordinator for the international project on "Comparing Climate change policy networks". His areas of interest are collective action,public policy evaluation, social impacts and responses of climate change.

Dr. Gopi Chandran

Director, Centre for Environment Education
Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India


Ref: C09P0140